All Issues >> 2017 >> Issue-5


Respiratory Morbidity and Peak Expiratory Flow Rate among Rice Mill Workers in a Rural Area of South India

Author:Poonam R Naik, Abhay S Nirgude, Peddi Megana

Keywords:Respiratory morbidity, peak expiratory flow rate, rice mill workers, rural area

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Introduction: Workers in rice mills may suffer from exposure to grain dust and its adverse effects on various organs have been described. Pulmonary function tests have been beneficial in the early recognition of pulmonary dysfunctions. Objectives of this research were to study the respiratory morbidity and assess peak expiratory flow rate among the rice mill workers and the various factors influencing them. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted among 105 workers of seven rice mills in an urban field practice area after taking written informed consent. Data was collected by interview method using Respiratory questionnaire based on the Medical Research Council and modified as per the study objectives. Weight, height, chest circumference and Peak expiratory flow rate was measured. Results: Majority i.e. 53.33% of the subjects have Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) less than 300 l/min and the mean PEFR is 294.0 l/min. Almost 47.6% of the participants had at least one of the respiratory morbidity symptoms. Majority of the workers having symptoms of respiratory morbidity have Peak Expiratory Flow Rate of < 300 l/min and this was found to be statistically highly significant. Conclusion: Respiratory morbidity was quite prevalent in the rice mill workers as indicated by decreased Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) and requires application of ergonomics at the work place.