National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2017 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 5 | Page No: 250-256

Perspectives of Road Traffic Injuries: An Additional Task in the List of Non-Communicable Diseases from the Tertiary Centre Hospital of North India

Author: Mehar Bano, Sadhana Awasthi, Anupama Arya, CMS Rawat



"Background: The World Health Organisation’s Global Status Report on Road Safety highlighted that more people die in road traffic accidents in India than anywhere else in the world, including the more populous China. Objective: To assess the socio-demographic profile, pattern of in-juries incurred by the victims along with some antecedent factors influencing these road traffic accidents (RTAs) like alcohol pres-ence, months of occurrence etc Methods: Descriptive Cross-sectional Retrospective Study of 2 consecutive years of 2012 & 2013 was carried out in a tertiary care centre. All the RTA cases in the 2 years recorded in the department case sheets file deposited in the medical records department (MRD) was taken for study. Results: The 55.4% in 2012 and 40.6% in 2013 were young drivers with males exceeded the females. The 4 mass casualties were also occurred in the 2013. Conclusion: Most of them were young road users with males pre-dominantly involved in accident bothyears. The accident severity rate in terms of number of deaths per 100 cases was 6.6% in 2012 and 4.1% in 2013. Lacerations was the commonest injury.

Keywords: Road traffic accidents, epidemiology, injury, Non communicable disease