All Issues >> 2018 >> Issue-3


Prevalence of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Among Female Students: A Cross-Sectional Study

Author:Ranjini Nanjaiah, Roopadevi V

Keywords:Polycystic ovarian syndrome; Female Students; Prevalence; Exercise

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Introduction: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a endocrinopathy of reproductive age women and its incidence is increasing due to change in lifestyle and stress. Women with PCOS are at an in-creased risk for primary or secondary infertility, pre- eclampsia, early pregnancy loss and endometrial cancer. This study has been conducted to assess the prevalence of PCOS among young college girls and various factors associated with it. Methods: This is an interview based cross sectional study involving 405degree students from two colleges. Data was collected by direct interview method after obtaining written informed consent. Results: Girls with menorrhagia or oligo-menorrhea had PCOS more frequently than girls with normal duration cycles and bleeding for two to four days which was statistically significant. PCOS prevalence was more in the group of girls who did not have habit of working out compared to others who had habit of doing walking or jogging for minimum 30 minutes a day, at least five days a week. Conclusions: PCOS is one of the non-communicable disorder af-fecting only women, which needs attention. Presence of oligo-menorrhea, irregular cycles, hirsutism among young girls, two years post menarche, can be a good screening indicator to diagnose a probable case of PCOS.