All Issues >> 2018 >> Issue-5


Prevalence of Tobacco Use Among Government Employees in Ahmedabad , Gujarat

Author:Dhara J Prajapati, Neha R Bavarva

Keywords:Government employees, Smoking, Tobacco, Urban

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Introduction: Tobacco is the most easily accessible addictive sub-stance which contributes to premature death and long term suffering, being a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases. The objective was to study prevalence of tobacco usage and exposure to second hand smoke among the government employees. Methodology: A cross sectional study was undertaken in urban area of Gujarat from January 2013 to November 2014. Total 300 males and 300 females were selected from class III and class IV government employees of B. J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad for the study. Results: In this study, 13% males were smoker and 33.67% males and 4.67% females were consuming smokeless tobacco products. Prevalence of smokeless tobacco was 26.36% in 35 to 45 years of age. Passive smoking was reported by 112 (37.33%) males and 70 (23.33%) in females. Prevalence of smoking was 22% in class IV employees compared to 4% in class III employees. Conclusions: Prevalence of tobacco was significantly higher in class IV employees. Prevalence of smokeless tobacco consumption was higher in 35 to 45 years of age group and prevalence of smoking was higher in age group of 55 years and above