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Assessment of Nutritional Status among Under Five Children in a Rural Area of Kalaburagi District

Author:Basavakumar S Anandi, Shrinivas B Reddy, Amruta S Indupalli

Keywords:Under-nutrition, Wasting, Stunting, Malnutrition, under-five children

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: Malnutrition among under-five children is a major public health problem in India especially in rural areas. About more than 30% of malnutrition world-wide is prevalent in southern Asia; a significant proportion of which is contributed by India. It is well known that malnutrition is frequently a part of a vicious cycle that includes poverty and infections; the devastating effects of which can last lifetime and even affects the next generation. The underlying factors for malnutrition differ from one region to other. Thus, a study was conducted to understand underlying factors for malnutrition in rural context with following Methodology: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 201 under-five children in Korwar village (Rural field practice area of ESIC medical college Kalaburagi dist.). Anthropometric measure-ments were taken to assess nutritional status. Results: 61% of children were under-weight for their age, 36.3% and 11.9% were found to be stunted and wasted respectively. Mother’s educational status and age of the child were significantly associated with under-nutrition. Conclusions: There was unacceptability high prevalence of malnutrition among under-five children. Thus health institutions at all levels should integrate nutrition as a health component and there is a need to educate the parents to provide age-appropriate energy-rich, locally available, and nutritionally balanced food items.