Abstract

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Abstract

Distribution of Disabled Persons in World’s Most Populous State

Author:Vaishali K Shrote, Kishor P Brahmapurkar

Keywords:Disabled persons, Censuses, Hearing, Intellectual Disability, Movement

Type:Original Article

Abstract:Background Data on disability is essential for the government to prepare policies, assign sufficient resources and apply appropriate strategies. We aimed to approximate the prevalence of disability and express the forms of disability by age, gender, residence and districts in Uttar Pradesh, (UP) India. Methods We analyzed the 2011 Census data of Uttar Pradesh. Dis-ability rates per 100 000 population were calculated. Results There were 41, 57,514 disabled individuals in UP in 2011 out of total 19,98,12,341 population ,disability rate of 2081 per 100 000 population. Disability in hearing, seeing and movement individually accounted for 25%, 18% and 16% of the total disability, respectively. Disability rates increased as age advanced with the higher rate of 4276 per 100 000 among people aged 60 years and above. The disability rates were higher in males. Higher disability rates were also observed among illiterates (2331 per 100 000).Widowed, divorced and separated were having highest disability rate of 4529 per 100000. Literate, currently married and working populations had lower disability rates. Conclusions Physical or mental disability was observed in 2.1% of the population of Uttar Pradesh. Research is necessary to identify underlying causes and interventions to reduce the burden of disability in the state.