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A Study of Medication Adherence and Self-Care Practices among Type- 2 Diabetes Patients in Davangere

Author:M S Anurupa, Aditya A, Navinkumar Angadi

Keywords:Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, medication adherence, self-care practices

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: In Diabetes Mellitus self-care practices can lead to better prevention and control of complications. This study was conducted to assess medication adherence among Type-2 diabetes patients; to assess self-care practices among Type-2 diabetes patients; to identify factors associated with non-adherence to medication among Type-2 diabetes patients; and to identify factors associated with self-care practices among Type-2 diabetes patients. Materials and Methods: This study was a hospital based cross-sectional study conducted among 100 cases at the diabetic clinics of JJM Medical college teaching hospital Davangere who gave informed written consent. Results: Among 150 diabetic patients, 45% of the patients were highly adherent to their medication. 78% of the study subjects were following healthy eating plan on an average in the past month. Not even a single subject followed the self-care practice of monitoring of blood sugar. Conclusions: In the present study majority of study subjects were adherent to medication. Significant association was observed between non adherence to medication and lack of emotional support from family and friends. Overall self-care practices were satisfactory except for self-monitoring of blood glucose level."