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A Study to Estimate the Prevalence of Occupational Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids Among the Health Care Workers in a Teaching Hospital Attached to Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute (BMCRI), Bangalore

Author:Shibi Selladurai, Nimra Shireen

Keywords:blood and body fluids, health care workers, occupational exposure, hepatitis B virus, Human immuno-deficiency virus

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: Health care workers (HCWs) are at a high risk of sharp injuries and contact with blood and body fluids, exposing them to over 20 different blood borne pathogens, the most common being hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).This study was carried out to estimate prevalence of acci-dental exposure to blood & body fluids during preceding 12 months among HCWs in a tertiary hospital in Bangalore. Methods: A semi-structured ques-tionnaire was used to study 240 HCWs during a 3 months period (September-November) in a teach-ing hospital in Bangalore. Results: Occupational exposure to blood & body fluids in the preced-ing 12 months was reported by 54.5% of the respondents. Needle stick injuries (NSI) was the most common mode of such exposures (87%). Only 40.4% of the affected individuals had reported the inci-dent. Conclusion: Occupational exposure to blood & body fluids was a com-mon occurrence in study sample. There was gross under-reporting of such incidents leading to a lack of proper post exposure prophylaxis (PEP). "