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To Know the Prevalence and Risk Factors of Isolated Systolic Hypertension Among Adults Aged 30 Years and Above in Davangere Taluk

Author:Anurupa MS, Rashmi R, Shubha DB

Keywords:Age, Isolated systolic hypertension, risk factors

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: The WHO has esti-mated that globally hypertension is directly responsible for about 62% of cerebrovascular disease and 49% of ischemic heart disease. The risks of stroke and coronary heart disease are directly related to both levels of systolic and diastolic blood pres-sure. Research studies has shown that Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) confers a substantial cardio-vascular risk and stoke, however prevention and treatment lead to lowering of cardiovascular morbidi-ty and mortality. Objectives:1) To know the preva-lence of Isolated Systolic Hyperten-sion in population aged > 30 years of Davangere Taluk.2) To identify risk factors of Isolated Systolic Hy-pertension. Materials and methods: It are a Community based cross sectional study conducted among persons above 30 years of Davangere taluk. Statistical analysis was performed using Percentage, proportion, chi-square and multivariate analysis. Results: A total of 2400 subjects were studied. Majority of the elderly in our study belonged to the age group of 60-69 years (59.5%) with the mean age of 65 years (SDĀ±5.44).It was observed that ma-jority of the elderly were males (55.4%), Hindu by religion (93.3%).In the present study the overall prevalence of ISH was 25%, which was 26.4% in males and 23.6% among females. Conclusion: A significant increase in the prevalence of ISH was seen with an increase in age. Multivari-ate analysis showed age, high salt intake, less fruits consumption, lack of physical activity and high BMI were significant independent risk factors of ISH."