All Issues >> 2019 >> Issue-5


"Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices: A Cross-Sectional Study Amongst Mothers in The Urban Field Practice Area of Navodaya Medical College, Raichur"

Author:Kusuma Achalkar, Bheemayya Badesab

Keywords:Infant and young child feeding; Exclusive breastfeeding; Comple-mentary feeding; Minimum Diet Diversity; Minimum Meal Frequen-cy

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: Malnutrition is one of the commonest causes underlying under five mortality in developing countries like India. The first two years after birth of child is the criti-cal window period for promotion of good growth, health, behavioural and cognitive development. The research aimed to study the current practices of infant and young child feeding among mothers and socio-demographic factors influencing it. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban area among 375 mothers having children of less than two years. Data was collected after informed con-sent regarding socio-demographic factors and child feeding practices from mothers. Data was analyzed using EPI Info 7 and expressed in terms of percentages, proportions and chi-square value. Results: In our study 46.7% children of less than two years were exclu-sively breastfed for 6 months. 17.3% of children were fed with comple-mentary foods at 6 months of age. The study showed 35.5% of children had minimum diet diversity and 50.85% were given minimum meal frequency. Mothers’ education was found to be significantly associated with child feeding practices. Conclusion: In our study Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices were much less. The study shows giving importance to female litera-cy, improving socioeconomic condi-tion of mothers in the community will bring greater changes in the practice of optimal IYCF practices."