Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2019 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 6 | Page No: 331-336

Prevalence of Depression Among Adults Residing in A Coastal Area of Thiruvananthapuram District, Kerala

Author: Divija Pillai1, Anil Bindhu S2, Manju L3, Susanna J4, Jeesha Haran5

Affiliation:

1Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Trivandrum

2Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Trivandrum

3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Trivandrum

4Tutor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Trivandrum

5Professor & Head, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Trivandrum

Abstract:

Introduction: Depression is an important public health problem. The National Mental Health Survey (NMHS) 2015-16 of India reports that the current prevalence of depression is 2.7%. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression among adults living in a coastal area of Trivandrum district. To find the factors associated with depression among adults living in a coastal area of Trivandrum district. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in two wards of Anchuthengu, a coastal area in Trivandrum district. The sample size obtained was 855. Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 was used to assess depression, the data was entered in MS Excel and was analyzed using SPSS version 16. Results: Majority of the participants had minimal depression 85.5% (84.1 -88.9), mild depression 5.5% (4.0 -7.1), moderate 4.6% (3.2 – 6.0) , moderately severe 2.5% (1.5 -3.6) and severe 0.9% (0.4 -1.6). Married status, mental illness in family, presence of financial burden and belonging to BPL family were found to be associated with depression. Conclusion: Proper treatment and counselling for depressed indi-viduals and health education in community is necessary in order to address this problem.

Keywords: Prevalence, depression, adults, coastal area, Thiruvananthapuram

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