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A Study on Depression among Hypertensive Patient Attending Outpatient Department of a Hospital in Rural Bengaluru

Author:Divya Udayakumar, Maheswaran R, Shruthi M Shetty, Nikhil Girish

Keywords:Depression, Hypertension, Rural, Montgomery-Asberg Depression Scale

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Introduction: Depression is a significant contributor to the global burden of disease. The study was conducted to estimate the pro-portion of depression among hypertensives attending OPD and to determine its associated factors in rural area of a Medical college, Bengaluru. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted on indi-viduals aged above 30 years, diagnosed with hypertension attending OPD during September-October 2017 in rural area, Kansawadi. The sample size was found to be 206. Data was collected using a pre-designed Questionnaire which contained socio-demographic details and depression was assessed using Montgomery-Asberg Depression Scale after obtaining written informed consent. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS where descriptive statistics and Chi-square was calculated. Results: Out of 206 hypertensive patients, the proportion of de-pression was 53.4%. Statistical significance for depression was seen in those who were divorced and separated, females and illiterates. Age, Religion, Occupation, BMI, Treatment adherence, Family history, personal habits were not found to be significant. Yet, 61.5% of those not taking treatment regularly were found to have Depression. Conclusion: Marital status, gender, Education and Treatment ad-herence all play a role in the mental status of hypertensive patients. It is important to provide health education on mental health diseases to the Community."