Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2019 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 7 | Page No: 393 - 397

An Epidemiological Study of Sharp Injuries among Health Care Workers of Tertiary Care Hospital in Saudi Arabia

Author: Sanjay Kumar Gupta1, Mohammad Jawaid Arif2, Sinimol Jabar3, Sunitha Lorin Mathias4, Ibrahim Saifi Al Harbi5

Affiliation:

1Infection Control Medical Coordinator, Al Rass General Hospital, department of IPC, Al Raas, Saudi Arabia

2Specialist, Internal Medicine, Al Rass General Hospital, department of IPC, Al Raas, Saudi Arabia

3Employee Health Clinic Nurse, Al Rass General Hospital, department of IPC, Al Raas, Saudi Arabia

4Infection Control Nurse (ICN), Al Rass General Hospital, department of IPC, Al Raas, Saudi Arabia

5IPC Director, Al Rass General Hospital, department of IPC, Al Raas, Saudi Arabia

Abstract:

Introduction: Needle stick injury: A penetrating stab wound from a needle (or other sharp object) that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids to the health care workers (HCW). The study was conducted to know the pattern of needle stick injuries among health care workers and epidemiological link. Methodology: This was a hospital based retrospective study conducted in a tertiary care hospital. Observations: Total 93 incident of sharp injury were reported, of which majority were among nurses (55%) and maximum occurred in operation theatre (29%). 61% health care workers got injury by needle sticks 57 (61%) followed by during surgical procedures (38%). Most common duration of sharp injuries was morning sift 67 (72%) and dif-ference between morning sift and evening sift was statistically significant (X2 = 47.7, p=0.000). The common site of hand in left hand among health care workers was index finger and thumb respectably 15 (16%) and 21 (23%). Conclusion: Present study shown that majority of injuries occurred in morning sift and moderate in nature common among nursing staffs happened during administration of injection and blood extraction in left hand thumb and index finger.

Keywords: Sharp injuries, Epidemiological link, Tertiary care hospital, Health care workers

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