National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2019 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 7 | Page No: 420 - 424

Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice about Purification of Household Water among 210 Individuals of Urban Area of Patan District

Author: Nitinkumar V Solanki1, Jatinkumar Amaliyar2


1Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, GMERS, Dharpur, Patan

2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, GMERS, Dharpur, Patan


Introduction: Consumption of contaminated drinking water is a major source of water related illness. About 88% of diarrhoeal dis-eases are attributed to unsafe drinking water, poor hygiene and inadequate sanitation. Nowdays, simple, low-cost and acceptable household water treatment technology are available. In many communities, there is limited knowledge and poor practice for water treatment. Methodology: A community based cross-sectional study was con-ducted among 210 community members living in Patan city. Head of the family (HOF) or any family member above 18 years was in-terviewed. Participant used at least one method of HWT was con-sidered as good practices and given 1 scores, otherwise poor practices as 0 scores. Result: Most prevalent method was filtration by cloth (60.0%) followed by boiling (11.4%), and chlorination (11.0%). The high awareness regarding filtration (92.9%) and, boiling (86.2%). Only 16.7% respondents had good knowledge on HWT methods. Educational status was observed as a significant predictor factor for knowledge and attitude towards HWT. One fourth participants (29.5%) did not use any method of water purification. Conclusion: The attitude of respondents on HWT was positive but water purification practices were quite poor. There is wide gap between knowledge and practice of filtration and boiling methods.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Boiling, Filtration