Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2019 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 9 | Page No: 485 - 490

Perception towards Mental Illness in Southern Tamil Nadu-A Cross Sectional Study

Author: Krishnaleela G1, Siva P M2, Christina Mary Jose3, Deepak Kabilan4, Chitra P5, Dharsini G V6, Dhivyabharathi S B7

Affiliation:

1Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli

2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli

3Intern, Department of Community Medicine, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli

4Intern, Department of Community Medicine, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli

5Intern, Department of Community Medicine, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli

6Intern, Department of Community Medicine, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli

7Intern, Department of Community Medicine, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli

Abstract:

Background: Psychiatric disorders are widely considered as a major contributor to the global burden of diseases worldwide. Psychiatric pa-tients are subjected to cultural stere-otypes and negative attitude by gen-eral population. This study aims to assess the perception towards men-tal illness among people of Muk-kudal, Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu. Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted among 250 peo-ple aged above 18 years residing in Mukkudal village of Tirunelveli dis-trict, Tamil Nadu. Questionnaire including basic demographic in-formation, BMI scale was used to assess the perception among gen-eral population. Results: Out of 21 questions people were found to have poor perception towards 10 questions (>50%).72% of people were found to believe that it is embarrassing to have a mentally ill person in their family.People be-longing to the age group 40- 50; fe-male by sex; Christian by religion; positive family history for mental illness; socio-economic class were found to have poor perception to-wards mental illness. Conclusions: Creating awareness using film stars and Celebrities may help to improve the perception among lower socio economic clas-ses. Strategies to increase social con-tact of public with people having mental illness could be considered in the implementation of anti- stig-ma programs.

Keywords: Psychiatric disorders, Perception, Tamil Nadu, BMI scale

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