Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 2 | Page No: 98-102

Assessment of Sleep Habits and Quality of Sleep among Elderly Residing In Rural Area of Dehradun: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Survey

Author: Jatin Chaudary1, Bhavna Jain2, Ajeet Singh Bhadoria3, Surekha Kishore4, Pradeep Aggarwal5

Affiliation:

1MPH, Department of Community and Family Medicine, AIIMS Rishikesh

2Senior Resident, Department of Community and Family Medicine, AIIMS Rishikesh

3Assistant Professor, Department of Community and Family Medicine, AIIMS Rishikesh

4Professor and HOD, Department of Community and Family Medicine, AIIMS Rishikesh

5Associate Professor, Department of Community and Family Medicine, AIIMS Rishikesh

Abstract:

Context: Elderly have increased frequency of awakenings of longer durations, lower sleep efficiency, early bedtimes and wake times as compared to younger subjects. The study was conducted to assess the quality of sleep using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), sleeping habits and changing sleep pattern among elderly and their associated factors. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 3 months among all the elderly population residing in village Thano situated in Raipur block of district Dehradun, Utta-rakhand. A total of 96 elderly were surveyed. Data was collected on sociodemographic characters of elderly as well as questions on Quality of sleep was asked based on PSQI questionnaire. Data was collected using Epi-collect5 application on phone. Data was analysed and presented utilizing appropriate statistical methods. Results: Among the 96 elderly, 57.3% of the participants were fe-males and 40.6% were from 60-69-year age group. The mean PSQI score was 5.6±1.9. Sleep quality was poor among females, smokers, widow and those with no physical activity. With advancing age sleep quality came out to be significantly poor. Conclusions: Sleep disturbances are commonly seen among the elderly. Treatment of primary sleep problems can improve the quality of life.

Keywords: Sleep disturbances, Elderly, PSQI

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20200227095017


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