Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 3 | Page No: 107-111

Assessment of Housing Conditions among the Residents of a Village in Rural Karnataka

Author: Deepika Nagaraj1, Twinkle Agrawal2, Joswin Madtha3, Richa Edgard4, Joshua Jonathan Norris5, Jose Manuel6, Farah Naaz Fathima7

Affiliation:

1Post Graduate student, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

2Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

3Medical Interns, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

4Medical Interns, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

5Medical Interns, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

6Medical Interns, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

7Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Abstract:

Introduction: Poor housing conditions contribute to respiratory infections, skin diseases, injuries, mental illness. Objective: To assess the housing standards of the residents of Mugalur village, Sarjapur PHC, Banga-lore. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among residents of 252 households in Mugalur village. A structured, face-validated questionnaire was developed to assess the housing conditions and scored on a scale of 0-20 with a higher score depicting better housing conditions. Results: The mean family size was 3.7 + 1.6, 222(88.1%) had Below Poverty Line card. The mean housing standard score was 12.0 + 2.5, 151(59.9%) houses were pucca. For drinking purposes, 138(54.5%) of the households bought water from Community Reverse Osmosis plant. Most of the households did not have exhaust vent 132(52.4%), adequate setback 133(52.8%) and waste segregation 169(67.1%). Toilet facility was present in 193(76.6%) of the households. The criterion for ade-quate sanitation was met by 35(13.8%) of the households, 252(100%) practiced inappropriate waste disposal. There was a significant association between the duration of stay and the mean housing standard score. Conclusion: The mean housing standard score was 12.0 + 2.5 out of a total score of 20. Areas for improvement were solid waste management and sullage disposal.

Keywords: Housing Standards, Rural

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20200229030739


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