Abstract
Abstract

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 3 | Page No: 107-111

Assessment of Housing Conditions among the Residents of a Village in Rural Karnataka

Author: Deepika Nagaraj1, Twinkle Agrawal2, Joswin Madtha3, Richa Edgard4, Joshua Jonathan Norris5, Jose Manuel6, Farah Naaz Fathima7

Affiliation:

1Post Graduate student, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

2Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

3Medical Interns, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

4Medical Interns, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

5Medical Interns, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

6Medical Interns, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

7Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, St John’s Medical College hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Abstract:

Introduction: Poor housing condi-tions contribute to respiratory infec-tions, skin diseases, injuries, mental illness.

Objective: To assess the housing standards of the residents of Muga-lur village, Sarjapur PHC, Banga-lore.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among resi-dents of 252 households in Mugalur village. A structured, face-validated questionnaire was developed to as-sess the housing conditions and scored on a scale of 0-20 with a higher score depicting better hous-ing conditions.

Results: The mean family size was 3.7 + 1.6, 222(88.1%) had Below Poverty Line card. The mean hous-ing standard score was 12.0 + 2.5, 151(59.9%) houses were pucca. For drinking purposes, 138(54.5%) of the households bought water from Community Reverse Osmosis plant. Most of the households did not have exhaust vent 132(52.4%), adequate setback 133(52.8%) and waste seg-regation 169(67.1%). Toilet facility was present in 193(76.6%) of the households. The criterion for ade-quate sanitation was met by 35(13.8%) of the households, 252(100%) practiced inappropriate waste disposal. There was a signifi-cant association between the dura-tion of stay and the mean housing standard score.

Conclusion: The mean housing standard score was 12.0 + 2.5 out of a total score of 20. Areas for im-provement were solid waste man-agement and sullage disposal.

Keywords: Housing Standards, Rural

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20200229030739