Abstract
Abstract

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 3 | Page No: 112-117

Awareness Regarding Key Aspects of the Sickle Cell Disease and Trait among the Affected In a Tertiary Care Hospital in South Gujarat

Author: Shashwat S Nagar1, Hirenkumar B Patel2

Affiliation:

1Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Parul Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Parul University, P.O.Limda, Ta.Waghodia, Vadodara

2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Parul Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Parul University, P.O.Limda, Ta.Waghodia, Vadodara

Abstract:

Introduction: Sickle cell disorder is an autosomal recessive condition, in which inheritance of an affected gene from both parents results in a disorder. SCD is more prevalent among the socio- economically dis-advantaged and medically under-served communities mainly in Tapi District of Gujarat. Objectives: 1.To study Awareness Regarding Sickle Cell Disease or Trait among the affected 2.To find out the association between the awareness level and the socio-demographic profile of the subjects. Methodology: Descriptive Cross-sectional study was carried out in Janak Smarak hospital in Vyara Town, Tapi District, for a period of one year and minimum of 75 per-sons with SCD and 150 persons with SCT were taken for the study. Results: The overall Knowledge re-garding disease was averaging only at 15 %. The categorization of sub-ject having “Good” or “Not so good” among the subject were pre-dominantly poor with a majority of them showing Not so Good condi-tion (84%) whereas only 16% showed good Knowledge. Conclusion: The overall Knowledge regarding disease was averaging only at 15 % which showed that the awareness seems to be grossly defi-cit even among the affected. It hence shows that the counseling of the disease among the affected was not adequate. So Counselling & IEC can play a very important role to elimi-nate the disease from the communi-ty.

Keywords: Sickle cell Disease, Sickle cell trait, Tribal Community, Awareness.

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20190415043523