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A Study to Assess the Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension among the Bank Employees of Rajkot City, Gujarat, India

Author:Nikita M Savani, Rajendra B Chauhan, Rajesh K Chudasama

Keywords:Hypertension, risk factors, preva-lence

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: Hypertension (HTN) is a modifiable and major risk factor for coronary artery disease, heart failure, cerebrovascular disease and chronic renal failure. Present study conducted to study the prevalence of hypertension among bank em-ployees of Rajkot city and to study the associated risk factors of hyper-tension among them. Methods: Rajkot city has around 160 different bank branches, includ-ing 35 private and 125 nationalized bank branches. Total 70 bank branches selected including all 35 private and similar number of na-tionalized bank branches (35) by us-ing systemic random sampling. The present study was conducted from January to December 2017. Infor-mation regarding demographic pro-file and risk factors of hypertension was collected on pretested profor-ma. Results: Out of total 800 employees, prevalence of hypertension was found 30.4% including 7.6% self re-ported and 22.8% detected in the study. Highest prevalence of hyper-tension was reported in 50-59 years age group followed by 20-29 years (26.3%). Hypertension found more among male (90.9%) and work ex-perience less than 10 years (42.8%). Significant association found on as-sessing risk factors like history of addiction, not doing any physical exercise, obesity, high BMI and hy-pertension. Conclusion: Hypertension was re-ported more in elder age group and Males among bank employees. Age and sex were found significantly associated with hypertension. Ad-diction (tobacco and alcohol), not doing any physical exercise, central obesity and high BMI status found significant risk factors for hyperten-sion."