Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 3 | Page No: 132-137

Acceptance of Family Planning Practices Among Reproductive Age Women in a Rural Area of Etawah

Author: Kiran Krishnappa1, Amit Kaushik2, Pankaj Kumar Jain3, Sandip Kumar4, Nandini Gupta5, Mahima6


1PG Resident, Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Etawah

2Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, RMLIMS, Lucknow

3Prof & Head, Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Etawah

4Professor, Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Etawah

5PG Resident, Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Etawah

6PG Resident, Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Etawah


Introduction: Despite considering family planning as a priority in population policy, our country is still long way to achieve a stable population, especially in rural area. This study was schemed to evaluate the awareness and the prevalence of contraceptive use in a rural area of Etawah.

Material & Methods: A house to house survey was conducted in 5 villages in Saifai block of Etawah. A sample of 810 married woman of reproductive age group were inter-viewed to obtain information on so-ciodemographic profile and family planning.

Results: The average age of study respondents was 29.19 ± 6.7 years. Majority (44.7%) of respondents be-longed to 26-35years and 40% were illiterate. Only 76.6% of the re-spondents were aware of at least one method of family planning. Nearly 50% were aware of Female sterilization, Condoms and IUCD. Univariate analysis revealed age, education, caste and partner’s edu-cation were significant factor affect-ing awareness of family planning. Contraceptive usage was associated with age, family size and decision making ability. Multivariate aware-ness revealed that education signifi-cantly affected awareness and part-ner’s education was significantly associated with contraceptive us-age.

Conclusion: Study showed that there is a significant gap between awareness and use of contraception. Age, education, family size and partner’s education were significant factors affecting acceptance of fami-ly planning in this rural setup.

Keywords: Family Planning, Reproductive, Rural, Contraception

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20190112055339