National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 5 | Page No: 216-221

Study of Hypertension and Its Associated Risk Factors among Young Adults (20-45 Yrs) In a City Of Maharashtra

Author: Ismail Farukh Ali Inamdar1, Dawal S Salve2, Priyanka C Sahu3


1Associate professor, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Govt Medical college, Nanded

2Medical officer, Public health department , Govt. of Maharashtra, Nashik

3Associate professor, Department of Community Medicine, RIMS Medical College, Raipur


Background: Hypertension is the most common of all the cardiovas-cular diseases and affects many people in developed as well as de-veloping countries With a growing problem of hypertension world-wide, there is a concern that hyper-tension in young adults may also be on the rise and that cases are not de-tected because of inadequate screen-ing at this age group. Therefore the need arises to conduct this study to find out the prevalence of hyperten-sion in young population and corre-lation of various factors associated with it. Methods: Present study was con-ducted during July 2012 to Novem-ber 2014 in urban area of Maharash-tra, India. Total 1590 study partici-pants aged 20-45 years from the ur-ban area were screened for the prev-alence of hypertension and the fac-tors associated with it. Probability proportionate sampling method use for sampling the study population for prevalence of hypertension among young adults. Informed con-sent was obtained from the study subjects before the conduction of the study. The data was recorded in pre-designed and semi-structured proforma. Results: In the present study preva-lence of hypertension was found to be 20.3% in urban population aged 20-45 years. Statistically significant association was observed between hypertension and age, occupation, socio-economic status, family histo-ry of hypertension, sedentary life style, smoking, smokeless tobacco and alcohol consumption.

Keywords: Hypertension, young adults, smok-ing, socioeconomic status, alcohol.

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20191229052524