Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 5 | Page No: 222-226

A Cross-Sectional Study on Menstrual Pattern among Adolescent Girls in Aligarh

Author: Farha Tarannum1, Najam Khalique2, Uzma Eram3

Affiliation:

1Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Mamta Academy of Medical Sciences, Bachupally, Hyderabad

2Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Amu, Aligarh

3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Amu, Aligarh

Abstract:

Background: Adolescents (10-19 years) constitute 21.3% of total pop-ulation of India. Major biological milestone in this period is the be-ginning of menstruation The men-strual cycle are characterized by variability in volume, pattern and regularity. There are few research on menstrual pattern of adolescent girls. Hence this study will high-light the menstrual pattern and fac-tors affecting it. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study in schools under Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh was undertaken. A total of 422 girls were taken by systematic random sampling with probability propor-tionate to size. Data was analysed statistically by bivariate analysis and multivariate (binary) logistic model by backward LR method us-ing SPSS Version 20. Results: 39.1% of girls experienced irregular cycle. Heavy bleeding was reported by 25.6% girls and 18.7% had scanty bleeding. Irregular cycle was 4.25 times in underweight and 2.19 times in overweight/obese compared to normal body mass in-dex. There was 46% reduction in ir-regular cycle for those who attained menarche for more than 2 years. Conclusion: There are many host factors which influence menstrual pattern in girls. These factors in-creases the girls risk for various re-productive disorders in future.

Keywords: menstrual cycle, menstruation, obese, irregular cycle

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20200207073310


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