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A Cross-Sectional Study on Menstrual Pattern among Adolescent Girls in Aligarh

Author:Farha Tarannum, Najam Khalique, Uzma Eram

Keywords:menstrual cycle, menstruation, obese, irregular cycle

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: Adolescents (10-19 years) constitute 21.3% of total pop-ulation of India. Major biological milestone in this period is the be-ginning of menstruation The men-strual cycle are characterized by variability in volume, pattern and regularity. There are few research on menstrual pattern of adolescent girls. Hence this study will high-light the menstrual pattern and fac-tors affecting it. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study in schools under Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh was undertaken. A total of 422 girls were taken by systematic random sampling with probability propor-tionate to size. Data was analysed statistically by bivariate analysis and multivariate (binary) logistic model by backward LR method us-ing SPSS Version 20. Results: 39.1% of girls experienced irregular cycle. Heavy bleeding was reported by 25.6% girls and 18.7% had scanty bleeding. Irregular cycle was 4.25 times in underweight and 2.19 times in overweight/obese compared to normal body mass in-dex. There was 46% reduction in ir-regular cycle for those who attained menarche for more than 2 years. Conclusion: There are many host factors which influence menstrual pattern in girls. These factors in-creases the girls risk for various re-productive disorders in future."