National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 6 | Page No: 244-247

Quantitative Study of Factors Associated With Breast Cancer among Women Reporting To a Tertiary Care Hospital in Karnataka

Author: Venkatesh Gonibeedu1, Vamsi Kakileti2


1Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, HIMS Hassan, Hassan

2Assistant Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, HIMS Hassan, Hassan


Introduction: Numerous epidemio-logical studies performed through-out the world have confirmed the role of many risk factors. However, evidence suggests that international variation in the burden of breast cancer reflects differences in the pat-terns of risk factors. Hence this study is undertaken to assess the risk factors associate with breast cancer in a district in Karnataka. Method: This is a Case control study to assess the risk factors asso-ciated with breast cancer among cases attending radiation unit of Hassan institute of medical sciences during 2019. Results: There was a significant as-sociation of breast cancer with menarche attained at or less than age 13 years (OR=2.43, CI: 1.09-5.4, p<0.029), usage of oral contracep-tive (OR=2.04: CI 1.61-2.42; p<0.1), and menopause attained before age 50 (OR=5.2: CI2.2-12.2; p<0.00). Our study also found that for every year increase in age for 1st birth, controls not being diseased decreased by 26% was statistically significant (OR=0.76; CI:0.61-0.89; p<0.002) and for every parity added, controls not being deceased increased by 1.13 time (OR=1.13; CI:0.69-1.8;p<0.6). Conclusion: District cancer control programme should advice women, to consume non-vegetarian food in moderation, promote physical activ-ity form early age to maintain ideal body mass index.

Keywords: Breast Cancer, menarche, parity, age at 1st birth.

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20200609092021