Abstract

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Abstract

Perception Regarding Hazards of Plastics Usage and Effectiveness of Plastic Ban in Rural Tamil Nadu

Author:Raja Danasekaran, Buvnesh kumar M, Raja TK, Nirupama AY, Sharath U

Keywords:Plastics, environment, pollution, ban, bio-degradable.

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: Plastics have become part of our modern lives and the amount of plastics produced in this decade equals the amount produced in the last century. Unless we con-trol the production and usage of these plastics, the consequences will be drastic. The study was planned to find the perception regarding the hazards of plastics and also to as-sess the effectiveness of the plastic ban imposed in Tamil Nadu state. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult participants in a rural area (Poonjeri village) of Kanchipuram district in Tamil Nadu. Details regarding basic socio-demography, perception regarding plastics and practices re-lated to plastic ban were collected using a pre-tested questionnaire. Results: The study included 122 participants of which 23.8% were il-literates and 59.8% were unskilled workers. Major usage form of plas-tics was plastic covers and they were of the opinion that plastics can lead to cancer, diseases, environ-mental pollution, etc. 95.1% were aware of the plastic ban and there was difference in awareness about the banned items. Many have stopped using the banned plastics, but 35% were still using plastics for food packing, etc. Plastic wastes were dumped (33.62%) or burnt (21.55%), apart from disposal by lo-cal bodies. Conclusion: Even though the awareness about the plastic ban is high among the population, the us-age of banned materials is still there. Adequate number of alterna-tives to be made available and awareness to be created about the same. "