Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 6 | Page No: 262-266

Prevalence of Postnatal Depression and Its Risk Factors among Postnatal Women in Rural Area of Srikakulam District

Author: Dhanalatha Tharigonda Reddy1, Irfan Ali Syed2, Dhananjaya Sharma3, Satyajit Pattnaik4, Jarina Begum5, Samina Ausvi6

Affiliation:

1PG student, Department of Community Medicine, Great Eastern Medical School & Hospital, Srikakulam

2Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Great Eastern Medical School & Hospital, Srikakulam

3Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Great Eastern Medical School & Hospital, Srikakulam

4Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Great Eastern Medical School & Hospital, Srikakulam

5Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Great Eastern Medical School & Hospital, Srikakulam

6Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Great Eastern Medical School & Hospital, Srikakulam

Abstract:

Introduction: During postpartum period women are at high risk for developing episodes of depression. Postnatal depression (PND) is a major public health issue because of its adverse effects on the infant and entire family. Objective: To find the prevalence of PND among postnatal(PN) women in Singupuram rural health training center (RHTC) area, Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh and to find association between socio-demographic, obstetric and pregnancy outcomes and PND. Method: Sampling Method- Non-probability convenient sampling. This cross-sectional study was carried out among PN women (4th-10th week) in Singupuram RHTC area, Srikakulam district during May to August 2019. Details were collected using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire pertaining to socio-demographic profile, obstetric and pregnancy outcomes along with an Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) translated into local language (telugu) cut-off score of ?13 was used as high risk of PND. Result: The study included 229 PN women. Prevalence of PND was 28.3%. PND showed significant association (p<0.05) with type of family, working status of PN women, husbands occupation, socio-economic status, mode of delivery, gender of the newborn, and complications in pregnancy. Conclusion: PND among rural PN women is 28.3%. Early stage of PND screening and diagnosis should be included as integral part of PN care.

Keywords: Postnatal women, postnatal de-pression, rural area, risk factors.

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20200525111512


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