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A Comparative Study on Complementary Feeding Practices among Mothers in Urban and Rural Areas in Trichur District, Kerala

Author:Babita Susan Kuruvilla, Saju C.R, Jenyz M Mundodan

Keywords:Infant nutrition, Appropriate, Com-plementary feeding, Rural, Urban

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: The second half of an infant's first year is a vulnerable time when breast milk alone cannot meet the nutritional requirements and complementary feeding (CF) should be initiated. CF needs to be nutritionally adequate and appro-priate. Objective: To study and compare the complementary feeding practic-es among mothers in selected rural and urban areas in Thrissur district. Methods: A comparative descrip-tive study was conducted among mothers of children in the age group of one to two years. The house-to-house survey was conducted in field practice area of Amala Institute of Medical Sciences, Thrissur from January 2016 to June 2017. Data was collected using pretested ques-tionnaire using interview method and analysed. Results: All the care givers inter-viewed were the mothers of the children.71.2% of mothers in urban areas started weaning at 6 months as compared to 66.8% in urban are-as. The most common weaning food was Banana powder in both groups, followed by Ragi. 53% mother start-ed early weaning due to insufficient breast milk. Conclusion: A significant number of infants are initiated on complemen-tary feeds prior to 6 months of age. There is a significant difference in the most of the feeding practices among mothers in the urban and rural area. Intense health education is required to improve the comple-mentary feeding practices."