National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 9 | Page No: 362-366

Hypertension among School Going Adolescent of Jaipur City and Its Associating Socio-Demographic Factors: A Cross Sectional Study

Author: Ishrat Jahan1, Pragya Kumawat2, Kusum Lata Gaur3


1PG, Department of Community Medicine, SMS Medical College, Jaipur

2Resident, Department of Community Medicine, SMS Medical College, Jaipur

3Sr. Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SMS Medical College, Jaipur


Background: Although Hypertension is a problem of adult, the etiologic process and risk behaviour start early in life. The present study was conducted to find out prevalence of hypertension among school going children in the age group 10-19 years. And to determine socio-demographic factors associated with hypertension in adolescent school children. Material and Methods: A cross –sectional study was done among 1008 school adolescents in Jaipur city, data was collected by pre- designed semi structured questionnaire and anthropometric measurements was done along with taking blood pressure. Analysis was done using MS Excel and statistical software Primer version 6. Results: A total of 1008 students studied having mean age 14.26 years and M:F ratio was 1.24. Prevalence of hypertension was found 15.87%. Although hypertension was found more in male, among age group of 17-19 years (18.72 %), Hindu, SC category and students of among class I high socio-economic status families than their counterparts, but it was found not significant except for cast. Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension among school going adolescent was found 15.87%. It was found to be associated with caste only not with other studied variables like age, sex, religion, socio economic status and family history of hypertension.

Keywords: Prevalence, Adolescent Hypertension, School going adolescent

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20200804042424