Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2020 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 11 | Page No: 409-412

A Retrospective Study of Covid-19 Disease in Confirmed Tuberculosis Patients from a Tertiary Care Centre in Ahmedabad

Author: Alpesh V Patel1, Kinnari K Rathod2, Nehal R Patel3, Rachana M Khokhani4, Happy A Patel5, Neel R Patel6

Affiliation:

1Associate Professor, Department of E.N.T, Smt. N.H.L Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad

2Senior Resident, Department of E.N.T, Smt. N.H.L Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad

3Assisstant Professor, Department of E.N.T, Smt. N.H.L Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad

4Second Year Resident, Department of E.N.T, Smt. N.H.L Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad

5First Year Resident, Department of E.N.T, Smt. N.H.L Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad

6First Year Resident, Department of E.N.T, Smt. N.H.L Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad

Abstract:

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is long standing disease and SARS-COV-2 being global pandemic in current era. Interactions between SARS-COV-2 and TB needs analysis, as both has major infection-related morbidity and mortality worldwide. This study was conducted to evaluate impact of super imposing viral pandemic over chronic diseases like tuberculosis. Methodology: A Retrospective study done in 75 patients registered under RNTCP program at our centre. Epidemiological data, diagnostic timing of TB, duration of AKT, history of SARS-COV-2 symptoms and SARS-COV-2 diagnostic result were evaluated. Analysis conducted based on incidence of COVID-19 infection in active cases of TB. Results: Male: Female ratio was 1.88:1 with majority belongs to age group of 35 to 55years. Only 3 patients developed influenza like symptoms who tested negative for SARS-COV-2. None COVID-19 suspected or positive patient were reported amongst laboratory confirmed TB patients taking AKT, indicating TB drugs definitely have some impact on SARS-COV-2 virus. Conclusion: TB and COVID-19 co-infection has limited cases. Very few individuals who were exposed to SARS-COV-2 during AKT treatment developed influenza like symptoms, however tested negative for SARS-COV-2. A larger study is needed to understand any role played by TB infection or AKT drugs on covid-19 disease.

Keywords: Covid -19, Tuberculosis, Co-Infection

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20201006052006


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