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Assessment of Immunization Status of Children Between 12-23 Months in Allahabad District

Author:Arshiya Masood, S Dwivedi, G. Singh, M A Hassan, Arun Singh

Keywords:Immunization Status, Children between 12-23months,Vitamin A Prophylaxis, Allahabad

Type:Original Article

Abstract:Objectives: This study was carried out to assess the immunization status of children in the age group 12-23 months and to know the reasons for non-immunization of children Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. We included 228 children (156 in rural and 72 in urban areas) in 12-23 months of age group by stratified cluster sampling design from Rural and Urban areas of Allahabad. Mothers of the children were interviewed using a predesigned schedule. Result and Conclusion: Only around 31 percent of children were found to be fully immunized while around 24 percent were partially and 45 percent were not immunized at all. Vitamin A prophylaxis showed a decline from 27.2 percent to 2.2 percent from first to third dose Amongst the various reasons for not immunizing the child, the most common in both rural (70.2%) and urban areas (72.7%) was unawareness for the need of vaccination, however in rural areas lack of availability of services (80.2%) was the major cause for not immunizing the child. Thus the present study shows a low coverage of immunization and Vitamin A prophylaxis in both the areas.