National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2021 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 7 | Page No: 163-168

Perspect of Novice Medical Students on Medical Professionalism

Author: Vidya KR1, Deepa CK2, Nitin S Kunnoor3, Lohit K4


1Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Medical college and Research institute, Bangalore

2Senior resident, Department of Ophthalmology, Sri Siddhartha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, T. Begur

3Associate Professor, Dept. of Pharmacology, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburagi, Karnataka

4Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Sri Siddhartha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, T. Begur


Introduction: The frequency of bacteria affecting urinary tract and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern vary from one territory to another. This study was conducted to determine spectrum of bacterial isolates causing UTI and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern among female patients attending tertiary care center Materials and Methods: A total of 577 female urine culture sensitivity reports(CS) were collected. The culture was done by inoculation by standard loop technique. Antibiotic susceptibility testing for identified bacteria was done by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method and result was interpreted as per CLSI guidelines. Data was analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Infection rates were similar up to reproductive age group with no significant difference between gram-positive (GP) and gram-negative organisms (GN) but post reproductive age group suffered more from GN. The most commonly infecting organism was Staphylococci followed by Escherichia coli showing resistance in >50% tests to cephalosporins, penicillins and fluoroquinolones. All antibiotics are showing resistance from one or the other organisms. Conclusion: The commonly infecting bacteria are developing resistance to regularly used antibiotics raising concerns of cross resistance and selection of antibiotics. This warrants due diligence by all stakeholders, including public-health authorities, health care providers, policymakers and even the public to prevent and control antimicrobial resistance.

Keywords: Urinary tract Infection, Antimicrobial susceptibility, Bacterial infection, Bacteriuria

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20210621102413