Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2021 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 7 | Page No: 175-179

Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour towards Rabies Prevention and Control – A Cross Sectional Study in Anakaputhur, an Urban Area of Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu

Author: Abirami Srinivasan1, Shanthi Edward2, Anand Eashwar3

Affiliation:

1Post graduate, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College, Chennai

2Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College, Chennai

3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College, Chennai

Abstract:

Background: Rabies is 100% fatal disease and till date only 4 victims had survived following intensive life support and nursing care. It is said to be preventable only using modern vaccines and artificial im-munoglobulins. Rabies is preventable through wound care and correct rabies prophylaxis. Objective: The main objective of this study is to assess the knowledge attitude and behaviour towards rabies prevention and control. Methodology: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 131 people aged above 18 years and above residing in Anakaputhur, an urban area in Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu selected by purposive sampling method. Results: Among the study participants, most of them were in the age group between 15 to 40 years. Around 70% of the study population had good knowledge about the first aid and vaccination methods after bit by a stray animal and 76% of the study population felt that they should report to the government in case they see an aggressive stray dog suspected of rabies. Around 92% of the dog owners vaccinate their pet dogs as per schedule. Conclusion: Different areas showed different knowledge towards rabies prevention and control. Mass media awareness or other health posters, awareness camp conduction will help in creating common knowledge, awareness and there by good practise towards rabies prevention and control.

Keywords: Rabies, Fatal disease, Prophylaxis, Awareness

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20210529053500


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