National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2021 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 10 | Page No: 311-316

Effectiveness of Educational Interventions to Improve Knowledge Related To Obesity among School Going Adolescents in Selected Schools of Eastern India

Author: Arijit Kundu1, Lipilekha Patnaik2, Trilochan Sahu3


1Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Ramkrishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Durgapur

2Professor, Department of Community Medicine, IMS & SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar

3Professor, Department of Community Medicine, IMS & SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar


Background: To address the overweight and obesity problems among children and adolescents, interventions in school is an important strategy. Objective: To find out the changes in knowledge following educational interventions related to obesity among school going adolescents. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted among adolescent students of two private schools from June 2016 to August 2018. A total of 173 students were included, 86 from control school and 87 from intervention school. A pre-designed & pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection which included ORK-10 (Obesity Risk Knowledge questionnaire). An integrated educational package was prepared and used for intervention school. After one year, data were collected to assess the changes in knowledge related to obesity. Results: At baseline, mean score of ORK-10 of all students were 5.05 ± 1.60 (Intervention school= 4.93 ± 1.73, control school= 5.16 ± 1.46). Significance increase was observed in the total score in the students of intervention school (p=0.000) during follow up. A significant improvement was seen in knowledge regarding factors related to obesity among the students of intervention school. Conclusion: Cost effective, simple school based intervention programs are needed as routine school activity to encourage the adolescents for reduction of obesity and related morbidities.

Keywords: Overweight, Pediatric obesity, Awareness, Teens, School children

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20210820104433