National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2021 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 12 | Page No: 405-410

Academic Self Concept and Academic Achievement of Indian CBSE School Students

Author: R. Gayatri Iyengar1, G. Padma Gouri2, Mahendra Kumar3, Yanjana4


1Assistant Professor, Department of Education, St. Vincent Pallotti College, Raipur, India

2Vice Principle, Department of Education, St. Vincent Pallotti College, Raipur, India

3Senior Research Fellow, Department of Psychiatry, Pt. JNM Medical College Raipur, India

4Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, MATS, University Raipur, India


Introduction: Student’s self-concept about their academic capabilities plays an important role in academic achievement. Main objective of the study was to examine the relationship between academic self-concept and academic achievement. Methods: The sample (Male 261, Female 320, aged 17-19 years) were drawn from 15 secondary schools affiliated with CBSE board, India. Academic achievement was measured by self-reported CGPA of the previous year. Academic self-concept was measured by Kample and Naik Academic Self Concept Scale (ASCS). Data obtained was analyzed with the help of SPSS (16th, version) and JASP (Version 0.14.1). Results: Measurement model for ASCS was excellent fit in the samples [GFI=9971, CFI=.926, TLI=.897, RMSEA=1173(90%CI: Lower-0.1019: Upper-0.1333) and SRMR=0.0445].The result of the study revealed that there was a positive relationship between academic self-concept and academic achievement(r=117) and this relationship was stronger for male students (r=0.125) than that of female students (r = .091). Academic self-concept accounted for 12.5% of the variance in the academic achievement. Moreover, gender differences in the academic self-concept of the students were also found (P= 0.01). Conclusions: This finding suggests that students performed academically better when they had good level of academic self-concept. Female students had significantly higher academic self-concept than male students.

Keywords: Academic Self-Concept, Academic Achievement, Relationship, Measurement model

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20211127044355