Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2021 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 12 | Page No: 421-426

Effectiveness of Mobile Application for Adherence to Advice on Diet and Medication among Newly Diagnosed Patients of Type II Diabetes

Author: Lipilekha Patnaik1, Sandeep Kumar Panigrahi2, Abhaya Kumar Sahoo3, Debahuti Mishra4, Saswatika Beura5, Anil Kumar Muduli6

Affiliation:

1Professor, Department of Community Medicine, IMS & SUM Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar

2Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, IMS & SUM Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar

3Professor, Department of Endocrinology, IMS & SUM Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar

4Professor, Department of Computer Science, Institute of Technical Education and Research, Siksha ‘O’Anusandhan deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar

5PhD Scholar, Department of Community Medicine, IMS & SUM Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar

6Research Associate, Department of Community Medicine, IMS & SUM Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar

Abstract:

Background: A healthy diet is an important element among all the lifestyle related management of diabetes, which included diet alone, diet with oral hypoglycemic drugs, or diet with insulins. This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of android mobile phone application for adherence to advice on diet and medication among newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes patients. Methods: The study was an open-label, parallel-arm, randomized controlled trial. Total of 66 adults (33 in each arm) type 2 diabetes patients were recruited. Study group was getting intervention by using mobile application-based software and control group was through web-based intervention. Results: In baseline 51.5% knows some risk factors of diabetes and 46.96% patients knew that it can be prevented. Among them 46.97% and 34.85% replied healthy diet and exercise as the best prevention method respectively. Cochrane’s Q was significant in recent changes of eating habits both in control and intervention group (P=0.000). Diet advice of doctor was followed among intervention group which was found to be significant (P=0.031). Starch consumption was decreased significantly on both the groups. Conclusion: Proper treatment with special focus on diet should be given by the healthcare providers in a way to control the disease, reduce the symptoms, and prevent complications.

Keywords: Food frequency questionnaire, 72hours recall method, Type 2 DM

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20211129090031


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