Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2021 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 12 | Page No: 432-438

Covid-19 Vaccine Acceptance and Determinants– An Online Cross-Sectional Survey in Kerala, India

Author: Pratibha Dabas1, Krishna Raj JS2, Jossy John3, Manisha Wadhwa4, Lulu Manoly5, Raseena PA6

Affiliation:

1Professor And Hod, Department of Community Medicine, Malabar Medical College, Calicut

2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Malabar Medical College, Calicut

3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Malabar Medical College, Calicut

4Professor, Department of Education, Aditi Mahavidyalya, Delhi University, Bawana

5PG, Department of Community Medicine, Malabar Medical College, Calicut

6PG, Department of Community Medicine, Malabar Medical College, Calicut

Abstract:

Background: Covid-19 vaccination threshold is key to pandemic control. This study aimed to assess the Covid-19 vaccine acceptance and determinants at Kerala, India. Methods: A cross-sectional web- based study was conducted in Kerala, India from April-May 2021. A self-administered online questionnaire consisted of socio-demography, sources of information for Covid-19 updates, and perceptions about the Covid-19 vaccine. Analysis was done for determining the association of sociodemographic factors and Covid-19 vaccination perspectives with Covid-19 vaccine acceptance. Results: Sources of information used for Covid-19 vaccine updates were Government sources (36%), social media (25%), mainstream media (21%), (WHO) World Health Organization (8%), doctors (5%) and peer-group (3%). The most trusted source for Covid-19 information was Government sources. Overall, the Covid-19 vaccine acceptance was 60% (n=93). The vaccine hesitancy was 40% (n=62). Covid-19 vaccine acceptance was significantly associated with healthcare profession, perceived vaccine safety and WHO or Health ministry recommendations. Covid-19 vaccine determinants were found to be vaccine safety and perception that Covid-19 vaccine was riskier than Covid-19 infection. Conclusion: Covid-19 vaccine determinants; perceived vaccine risk and safety, need to be addressed to ensure the Covid-19 herd immunity threshold.

Keywords: Covid-19, vaccine, immunization, determinants, acceptance, hesitancy

DOI: 10.5455/njcm.20211021095953


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