National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2011 | Volume: 2 | Issue: 3 | Page No: 483-486

HIV Sentinel Surveillance Among High Risk Groups: Scenario In Gujarat

Author: L B Chavan, Prakash Patel, Vaibhav Gharat



Background: Surveillance is the ongoing systematic collection, collation, analysis and interpretation of data so that appropriate action can be taken within time. Aims and Objective: The present annual HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) was carried out for monitoring trends of HIV epidemic in high risk group populations in selected sites of Gujarat state.. Methodology: The HSS was carried out in representative populations from High Risk Group (HRG) like Female Sex Workers (FSW), Man having Sex with Man (MSM) and Single Male Migrant. Target sample size was 250 at each HRG site (Female Sex Worker, Male Sex Male & SMM). Consecutive sampling was done at designated sentinel site for selecting the survey participants. Results: Overall 3726 samples (1494 FSWs, 1732 MSMs & 500 SMM) were tested in the High risk group of HSS 2008. The overall sero-positivity in samples from FSWs, MSMs sites was 4.5%. Sero-positivity was more or less high (? 5%) among FSWs as well as MSMs irrespective of age, place of residence, literacy level, occupation; and migration status. Conclusion: The overall trend of sero-positivity in High risk groups shows decreasing trend of HIV in the state from 2004 to 2008.

Keywords: Keywords: HIV, Sentinel Surveillance, High Risk Groups, Prevalence