National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2011 | Volume: 2 | Issue: 3 | Page No: 487-491

Seroprevalence of Primary Infertility and Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Caused by Chlamydia in Ajmer Region

Author: Ashish Surana, Prem Singh Nirwan, Suchitra Gaur



Purpose: Chlamydia trachomatis is emerging as important pathogen of pelvic inflammatory disease and acute salpingitis. These infections are major cause of financial losses and serious medical complications as infertility. Methods: In the present study, the diagnosis of chlamydial genital infections was made by detection of antichlamydial IgM antibodies by E.L.I.S.A among a group of 50 females each with acute pelvic inflammatory disease and primary infertility along with 50 healthy control females. Results: The present study shows, high seroprevalence (45.33%) of C trachomatis infections. Strong correlation of these chlamydial infections with age factor and socioeconomic status was observed. These chlamydial infections presents in both clinical and sub-clinical form and also lack pathognomic sign & symptoms. Conclusion: This study emphasizes the need of strong clinical suspicion along with screening of such subjects with a laboratory test which can provide rapid and specific diagnosis, thereby preventing complications.

Keywords: Chlamydial seropositivity, primary infertility, acute pelvic inflammatory disease