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Magnitude of Under nutrition in Urban and Rural School-going children of District Dehradun using WHO Reference Standards

Author:Madhavi Bhargava, Pradeep Aggarwal, Sunil D Kandpal, Jayanti Semwal

Keywords:Undernutrition, School-going Children, Anthropometry, AnthroPlus Software

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Background: Anthropometry is an inexpensive and non-invasive method of growth and nutritional assessment. The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of undernutrition among school-going children belonging to urban and rural area of District Dehradun using WHO standards. Methods: Nutritional assessment of school-going children was done in urban and rural areas using standard anthropometric measurements of height and weight. A total of 1808 school children were enrolled from 5-19 years of age. Weight-for-age, height-for-age and BMI-for-age z-scores were calculated using WHO AnthroPlus Software. Results: The prevalence of underweight (<-2SD) was 8% in urban as compared to 23% in rural children. The prevalence of stunting and thinness was 14.8% and 6.1% in urban children and 16.6% and 25.9% in rural children. There were 14% urban children and 10% rural children who were overweight. Conclusion: Undernutrition remains an ongoing health problem in school going children. WHO AnthroPlus Software can be a very useful for analysis of state and national level."