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Treatment Outcome of Registered Tuberculosis Cases for Year 2013 in Tuberculosis Unit in Tribal District Bastar of Chhattisgarh, India

Author:Kishor P Brahmapurkar, Vaishali K Brahmapurkar, Q H Khan

Keywords:Treatment outcome, Tuberculosis Unit, Bastar

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem. It causes ill-health among millions of people each year and ranks alongside the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a leading cause of death worldwide. The study was planned to assess treatment outcome among tuberculosis patients registered in year 2013 at Tuberculosis Unit (TU), Maharani Hospital, Jagdalpur, district Bastar in Chhattisgarh. Materials and Methods: It was a record based analysis for year 2013 data from TU Jagdalpur, District Bastar, Chhattisgarh, for year 2013. Statistical analysis: Data entry and analysis was done by using STATA/SE 14.1 software. Results: Overall rate of unfavorable treatment outcome among 468 TB patients was 96(20.5%). Factors associated with unfavorable outcome were age more than 40 years (P< 0.001), male gender (P 0.048) and retreatment cases (P <0.001) .Death rate was higher 4(4.3%) among patients of Category II. Higher default rate were noted in New Smear negative 40 (18.6%) and retreatment 26(27.4%) and HIV positive TB patients. Conclusions: Age more than 40 years, male sex, HIV positive and retreatment category were factors associated with unfavorable outcome .Defaulters were higher in new smear negative and retreatment cases of TB patient in the present study. "