Iron Deficiency Anaemia and Its Predisposing Causes among Women Undergoing Antenatal Checkup at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Allahabad
Author:Shweta Rajput, Manish Kumar Singh
Keywords:Iron Deficiency Anaemia, women, antenatal, tertiary care hospital
Abstract:"Background: Anaemia is a major health problem affecting about 50% of pregnant women and associated with poor pregnancy outcome. Objective: To know the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy and its determinants Method: A hospital based cross sectional study was carried out among 400 pregnant women aged >16 years &? 45 years with sin-gleton pregnancy attending antenatal care clinic at a tertiary care hospital in Allahabad over a period of 1 year 8 months. Result: About 75% of pregnant women were anaemic (Hemoglobin level < 11mg/ml) with about 14.5% being severely anaemic. Moderate anaemia was most common. A significant difference (p<0.001) was observed between anaemic and non-anaemic pregnant women with respect to educational status, socioeconomic status & parity of women. Proportion of anaemic women was higher in age groups <20 years, joint families, women with vegetarian diet. History of menstrual irregularities and prolonged cycles (length of flow >6 days) was reported in significantly higher proportion of anaemic women as compared to non-anaemic women. Conclusion- Intensive Information Education & Communication on prevention of anaemia and economic upliftment of women, along with delayed 1st pregnancy, adequate gap between successive childbirth is the key to reducing anaemia in pregnancy and its impact. "