National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2016 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 6 | Page No: 505-509

A Study on Awareness and Practice Regarding Vitamin A Intake and its Deficiency Disorders among Mothers of Pre-School Children in Khirasara Village, Rajkot, Gujarat

Author: Ankit M Sheth, Matib M Rangoonwala, Kaushik K Lodhiya, Dipesh D Zalavadiya, Nirav B Joshi



"Introduction: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is one of the most important causes of preventable childhood blindness and is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality from infections. The present study was conducted among mothers of pre-school children to study awareness and practice regarding vitamin A intake and their deficiency disorders. Methods: It was a cross sectional study conducted in Khirasara village of Rajkot district from January to April 2015. Out of total 196 mothers of pre-school children in the village, 98 (50% of the total after convenient sampling) were selected. Ninety five mothers consented and gave complete response. Interview was conducted using a pretested semi structured questionnaire. Results: Mean age was 25.9 years, 38.9% were illiterate and 80% were non-working. 32.6% knew about vitamin A rich foodstuffs. 18.9% were aware about vitamin A prophylaxis programme. 27.4% included vitamin A rich foods in diet of their children. 68.0% didn’t know about any symptoms about vitamin A deficiency disorders. Conclusion: Significant low levels of knowledge and practice regarding vitamin A intake was found in illiterate mothers. Multipara and literate mothers were significantly more aware about vitamin A prophylaxis programme. "

Keywords: Vitamin A, VAD, Nutrition education, pre-school children