Abstract

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Abstract

Preventable Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Diseases in Urban Slum of Mumbai: A Prevalence Study using WHO STEPS Approach

Author:Kalpak S Kadarkar, Gajanan D Velhal, Shraddha R Tiwari

Keywords:Smokeless tobacco, Raised blood pressure, Obesity, Fruits and vege-tables, Cross-sectional study.

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Context: India is experiencing a rapid health transition with a rising burden of non-communicable dis-eases causing significant morbidity and mortality, both in urban and rural population. The STEPwise approach is WHO-recommended framework for NCD surveillance. Study was conducted to assess the prevalence of risk factors of NCDs among residents of urban slum. Methods and Material: Using WHO STEPwise approach a cross-sectional study was carried out among participants of 25-64 years age group in the slum. Information on behavioural and physiological risk factors of non-communicable diseases was obtained through standardized protocol. Results: Smoking prevalence was high among men (27.5%) compared to 2% in women. The use of smoke-less tobacco was reported by 38.5% of men and 9.5% of women. The prevalence of raised blood pressure was slightly more in males (40.5%) as compared to females (37.5%). Mean BMIs and prevalence of obesi-ty was nearly same among men and women. Women were less physically active when compared to men. Fruits and vegetable con-sumption was low among both men and women. Conclusions: The high prevalence of risk factors in urban slum alarms the likelihood of a high future bur-den of diseases highlights need for different interventions and ap-proaches for prevention of risk fac-tors of non-communicable diseases. "