National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2016 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 10 | Page No: 829-833

A Study to Assess the Obesity and Its Determinants among School Going Adolescents in Hyderabad

Author: Riyaz Shaik Shaik, Sultan Rizwan Ahmad, Chandrasekhar Addepalli



"Background: Obesity, once considered a problem of developed countries, is now growing enormously in many developing countries also. Changes in diet and physical activity raise the preva-lence of obesity in children. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among stu-dents of standard VIII – X in Hyderabad. Schools were selected from list of schools randomly. Total 763 children were included in study. Pre-tested questionnaires were used to collect information. The data was analyzed by using appropriate statistical tests. Results: In present study 49.02% were boys and 50.98% were girls. Majority of children belong to 13 years age group, and class-2 socio economic standard. About 58% of study population are from government school. Prevalence of obesity was 3.5% and it is more among girls and class-I socio economic status. There is significant association between obesity and excess calories intake, bakery and fatty food consumption, lack of physical activity, sedentary life style and family history. Conclusion: It was concluded that main modifiable risk factors of obesity among school going children were junk food and seden-tary life style."

Keywords: Adolescent, Junk food, Life style, Obesity, School children