Abstract

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Abstract

Assessment of Community Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Malaria in Rural Area of Central India

Author:Avinash Borkar, Namita Deshmukh

Keywords:Malaria, knowledge, attitude, practice

Type:Original Article

Abstract:"Introduction: Correct assessment of community knowledge, attitude and practices can assist reformulation of malaria control strategy and form basis of appropriate health education messages. This study was carried out with the objective to assess knowledge, attitude and practices regarding malaria of people living in rural areas of Central India. Methodology: A cross-sectional study involving 400 households from 8 villages was carried out from August-November 2011. Socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge regarding transmission of disease, symptom of disease, breeding of mosquitoes and control programs, attitude towards seeking treatment and practices; waste disposal, keeping the surroundings clean and use of personal protective measures were assessed by a structured questionnaire. Results: Only 50% believed that malaria is fatal disease, only 33% had closed water drainage system in their houses and 62.50% prac-ticed of throwing garbage in open or in-front of their house. Seepage of water was present in 42.37% houses. 15% households did not use any type of personal protective measure. Conclusions: The study showed high knowledge regarding malaria but the attitude and practices on various aspects of malaria was not proper. There is need to focus on Behaviour Change Communication Strategy and improve the Quality of Life of people living in this rural area."