National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2022 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Page No: 203-206

Correlation of Menopausal Status with Body Composition and Abdominal Fat Distribution

Author: Mili Sengar1, Kuldeep Srivastava2, Ruchi Saxena3


1Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, TSM Medical College, Lucknow

2Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Barabanki

3Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Kalyan Singh Superspeciality Cancer Institute, Lucknow


Background: Body composition parameters changes in women before and after menopause which makes ageing more complex and stressful in women. Objective: to compare the body composition parameters among pre and post menopausal women. Methods: A cross-sectional study, conducted in the population around Rural Health Training Centre (RHTC), Barabanki district between May to December 2016 among women in the age group 25-65 years. Body com-position parameters of 348 women (total and visceral fat distribution) by bioelectric impedance method (for Model: OMRON Hbf 375) was noted for all the pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women. The variables included -weight, BMI, body fat percentage (BF %) and visceral fat percentage (VF %), Body Surface Area (BSA), Body volume index (BVI), Body volume (BV) and Lean body weight (LBM). Result: The difference in body composition parameters in the pre and post-menopausal groups is found to be statistically significant in waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, BMI and visceral fat p<0.05. Conclusion: There is increase in body composition parameters during post-menopausal period. A deeper aspect on prevention of obesity after menopause is required to be studied.

Keywords: Menopause, obesity, bio-electric, impedance

DOI: 10.55489/njcm.1342022431