Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2022 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Page No: 235-241

Cognitive Impairment and Its Correlation with Co morbidities among Elderly Residing in Old Age Homes in Southern India

Author: Sujitha P1, Gopalakrishnan S2, Swetha NB3, Angeline Grace G4

Affiliation:

1Tutor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai

2Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai

3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai

4Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai

Abstract:

Background: With aging process, cognitive levels decline which has affected nearly 50 million people worldwide. In view of this, our study aims to estimate the prevalence of cognitive impairment and its correlation with co morbidities among the elderly residing in old age homes in Southern India and determine its various risk factors among them. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was carried among 330 elderly living in old age homes by using multistage sampling method. Study population included Elderly above the age of 60 and residing in old age homes, who were willing to participate. A pretested structured questionnaire was used. Data was analyzed using SPSS. Results: Of the 330 participants, nearly 44% had mild to moderate and 36% had severe cognitive impairment. The odds of developing cognitive impairment were 2.5 times more among individuals who had at least one feature of dementia when compared with those who did not have any symptoms. Conclusion: The strategies of National Programmes for Health Care of Elderly and National Mental Health Program do not cater specifically to cognitive impairment. Level of attention given towards Alzheimer’s dis-ease is more when compared to screening for cognitive impairment which is an early precursor for Alzheimer’s disease.

Keywords: Geriatrics, retirement home, dementia

DOI: 10.55489/njcm.1342022437


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