Abstract
Abstract

National Journal of Community Medicine

Original Article

Year: 2022 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Page No: 253-258

Prevalence of Under Nutrition and Its Risk Factors among Children below Two Years of Age in a Tertiary Health Centre in West Bengal

Author: Sukes Das1, Tanmoy Mukherjee2, Sajib Chakraborty3, Nivedita Das4

Affiliation:

1Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine & Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal

2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Coochbehar Govt Medical College, Coochbehar, West Bengal

3Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine & Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal

4Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine & Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal

Abstract:

Background: Malnutrition in under five children is prevalent widely. It affects growth as well as development; also causes higher morbidity and mortality among children significantly. This public health problem is multi-factorial. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of under nutrition and its risk fac-tors among children up to 2 years of age attending a tertiary health care institution of Kolkata. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged 0 – 23 months, at-tending the immunization clinic of CMSDH, Kolkata, during December, 2019 –January, 2020. Data were col-lected by interviewing the accompanying caregivers, anthropometric measurements of the study subjects and review of records. Results: Among 135 children studied, the prevalence of stunting was 14.1% (5.8% severely stunted), underweight was 9.7% (3.8% severely underweight), wasting was 18.5% (8.1% were SAM). Younger age group (0-6 months), boys and children having inappropriate feeding for age were at increased risk of under nutrition. Children having working mothers, birth spacing of <3 years, LBW and delayed initiation of breastfeeding (>1hour) were at higher risk of stunting and underweight. Incorrect age of introduction of complementary feeding had higher risk of wasting. Conclusion: Several risk factors for malnutrition were found which are amenable to prevention.

Keywords: Children aged 0-23 months, under nutrition, Risk factors

DOI: 10.55489/njcm.1342022440


.