Largest Country in the World – Top 10 List with Area [Updated 2023]

When discussing the Largest Country in the World, the first country that comes to mind is the USA. But actually, when we consider only the mainland area of the country, this is not true. So do you want to know the name of the Largest Country in the World? If yes, keep scrolling down our article because here we will let you know The Top 10 Largest Country in the World with Area.

Largest Country in the World

One cannot judge the largest country in the world by simply looking at the map or the globe. You may be misled; the correct way to judge is to measure the land area. We can use either square miles, square kilometres or hectares (commonly used to measure agricultural land) for measuring the area of the land.

Usually, every country uses two different measurements to measure the area, i.e. Land area and Country area. Under the Land area, only the mainland area is considered, whereas, in the Country area, the measurement apart from the land area also includes lakes, rivers, reservoirs, and coastal and territorial waters. A few countries are also using satellite surveys to measure their land area.


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Here we have also considered the Land area for preparing our list of The Top 10 Largest Country in the World. So keep reading the article to know who is at the top position based on the mainland area.

Top 10 Countries List with Area

The world is dynamic and diverse; you can also find countries with massive land masses and ones with tiny land areas. One hundred ninety-eight countries constitute 29% area, as 71% of the world is covered with water. Moreover, countries are expanding their boundaries continuously. The top 10 countries by area constitute half of the world’s land area.

Every country has its own specific boundaries that constitute its geographical area. The method adopted to measure the mainland area may vary in different countries. But the result is the same. So we are here listing the Top 10 Countries with the area occupied.

Largest Country in the World

1. Russia: Area Occupied- 16,378,410 km²/ 11%

The transcontinental country Russia is topping the charts at no. one position with an area of 17,098,246 km². Russia has the largest mainland area in both Asia and Europe. The Largest Country in the World encloses one-eighth of the total Earth’s mainland. Russia, in terms of population, is at no. 1 in Europe and holds the ninth position globally. The country shares its border with fourteen other countries. Moscow is the country’s largest city and capital.

2. Canada: Area Occupied- 9,903,507 km²/ 6.1%

Canada, a North American country, is in second position in the list of the Top 10 Largest Country in the World with Area. The country is at no. 2 in terms of the total land area because of the large area covered by freshwater lakes.  The country shares its Sothern and Western border with the US is the longest binational border. The world’s longest coastline is also in Canada.

3. China: Area Occupied-9,326,410  km²/ 6.3%

The East Asian country China is number three in terms of the total mainland area. The country is the most populous country in the world. The country’s landscape is vast, from the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts in the north to subtropical forests in the south. China’s capital is Beijing, although the most popular city is Shanghai.

4. USA: Area Occupied- 9,147,593 km²/ 6.1%

The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world based on both area and population. The USA is the most populated country in America. The country shares its border with Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. It constitutes 6.1% of the total Earth’s mainland area. The USA is almost equal to China when talking about the total area, including rivers, lakes, coastal regions etc.

5. Brazil: Area Occupied- 8,460,415 km²/ 5.6%

The national territory roughly covers half of South America. It occupies almost the eastern part of the South American continent. It shares its border with ten other countries. Brazil extends 4,397.53 km from north to south and 4,320.53 km from east to west. The capital Brasilia is the most populated city in Brazil.

6. Australia: Area Occupied- 7,633,565 km²/ 5.2%

Australia is the only country with the name same as the continent. Regarding area, Australia is the largest country in Oceania and the sixth largest country globally. The total land area constitutes many fringe islands and the larger ones.  The overall mainland of the country is half of the size of Tasmania.

7. India: Area Occupied- 2,973,190 km²/ 2.0%

The number-seventh position is held by the Asian country India which is also the second-largest country in the world with respect to population. The country is situated north of the equator and measures 3,214 km from north to south and 2,933 km from east to west. The total land area of the country covers 91%, with only 9% water.

8. Argentina: Area Occupied- 2,736,690 km²/ 1.8%

Argentina is the second-largest country in South America and the eighth-largest country in the world by area. The country is located in the southern part of South America, sharing its border with various other countries. The country is among the most bio-diverse countries in the world, with the greatest ecosystem varieties.

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9. Kazakhstan: Area Occupied- 2,699,700 km²/ 1.8%

Another transcontinental country is at no. Nine in our list of The Top 10 Largest Country in the World with Area. The country is the world’s largest landlocked area. Despite its sizeable landlocked area, the country’s population is very low. Kazakhstan is mainly situated in Central Asia and partially in Eastern Europe. It shares its border with Russia, China, and Kyrgyzstan. The capital is Astana which is famously known as Nur-Sultan from 2019-22.

10. Algeria: Area Occupied- 2,381,741 km²/ 1.6%

Algeria is considered part of the Maghreb region of North Africa and is at no. 10 on our list. It is the largest country in Africa. The country since the creation of South Sudan in 2011 has become the largest country in Africa. Its capital is Algiers. The Arabic country is also at no. 10 in the list of the most populated country in Africa and holds at no. 32 in the world population list.

So I hope all your facts are cleared with this article about The Top 10 Largest Country in the World with Area. If you have any doubts or want to ask something regarding the topic, you are welcome to ask in the comment section given below.

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38 thoughts on “Largest Country in the World – Top 10 List with Area [Updated 2023]”

    • What are you saying? Brasília is the most populated city in Brasil? Are you mad? Have you ever heard about São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Fortaleza? My Goodness, you know nothing!

  1. canada is the second largest country in the world. I do not know your reference material,I do suggest you replace them. A country’s area is not based on population. Its density is yes.

    • Since I attended kindergarden Canada has always been considered 2nd largest in the world by land mass 9.9 Million sq Kilometers. Maybe they gave a portion of Canada to the USA?

      • You may have included the expansionist lands acquired illegally by Russia and China in your calculations. Have you included Crimea, Transmiria, the Dombast, parts of Georgia and Moldova’s Transnistria in Russia’s land mass? What about Taiwan and lands bordering India? You sure want to please your new imperialist masters, China and Russia. Remember to vote with Russia and China at the UN. An informal survey of similar studies of the Top Ten Countries’ land area the majority arrives at contradictory results to your top Ten.

  2. Brasilia is not the most populate City in Brazil ,it is Sao Paulo ,Rio de Janeiro ,Salvador, Bello Horizonte in that order.

  3. USA should be a distance 5th, Russia, China, Canada, Brazil, USA then the rest.. please you can still redo your fact checking.

  4. Sou brasileira, e a cidade mais populosa do Brasil é São Paulo.
    Gosto muito de seus artigos,. são educativos e interessantes

  5. Gosto muito de seus artigos, interessantes e educativos, porém discordo da cidade mais populosa do Brasil, não é Brasília, e sim São Paulo, capital do estado do mesmo nome .

    • you’re just a little too silly. why would you only count land mass as if lakes, rivers, bodies of water do not matter. Go talk to the farmers in California , Nevada etc. they would love to have a fraction of water that the great lakes contain.

  6. believe it would be enlightening to world , since you are dealing with a very wide network of readership, commenting on the estimated populace of the indegenous people in each of the Top 10 huge countries.

  7. Fascinating numbers regardless of minor disagreements.
    Equally entertaining commentary displaying national pride.
    It gets us thinking, doesn’t it? And that is always encouraged.
    Keep it up!

  8. Does not matter(whether big or not – including/excluding rivers,lakes,water bodies etc..Then what??

    What is this argument or research about??


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